adb logcat CordovaLog:D *:S
D sets the Log Level to DEBUG and the *:S to filter out everything else.
From Android 4.2 upwards you can use chrome://inspect to connect directly the chrome debugger to your app. During development this is by far the best way to go, unfortunately on previous Android versions this is not possible.
cleans the project (in this case android).
run-as YOUR_PACKAGE ls -l /data/data/YOUR_PACKAGE